Tutuila Island is the main island of American Samoa, with 68 percent of the territory's land area and 96 percent of the population. Pago Pago Harbor cuts sharply into the heart of this high volcanic island, providing a safe anchorage and picturesque setting. National Park of American Samoa extends along Tutuila's rugged north coast from Fagasa to Afono.
American Samoans live in small villages, mostly on the south coast. Fagatogo is Tutuila's commercial center and capital, while most of the government bureaucracy is housed at Utulei. The village of Pago Pago made famous in Somerset Maugham's short story Rain is just another residential area. Leone village in the west has a long history of missionary activity, as evidenced by the many large churches. Aunuu Island off southeast Tutuila is also inhabited.
Public buses travel between Fagatogo market and the villages throughout the day, and the ride east to Tula is the most scenic. This bus passes the large tuna canneries on the north side of Pago Pago Harbor. Sightseeing can also be done by rental car, although visitors should be aware that most of Tutuila's beaches are village-owned, so swimming on Sunday and scanty dress are banned. This isn't your usual vacation island and tourism is undeveloped.
Most Tutuila hotels, motels, and guest houses face the harbor or are west of Tafuna. The Quality Inn Tradewinds Hotel at Ottoville and Pago Airport Inn are both near the airport, while the Rainmaker Hotel is at Utulei and the Sadie Thompson Inn is in Fagatogo. Most Tutuila restaurants are in Fagatogo or between Nuuuli and Tafuna. Both taxis and public buses meet the airline flights at Pago Pago International Airport.